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Diabetes, also known as Diabetes mellitus, is a metabolic disorder in which the human body stops producing enough insulin in order to curb rising sugar levels or does not produce it at all. Long term diabetes causes high blood sugar levels, which in extreme cases can render a person comatose or even dead. As of 2013, there are an estimated 382 million people who suffer from diabetes.

There are three types of diabetes include Type-1, Type-2, and Gestational. Type-1 patients with diabetes do not have insulin produced in their bodies and have to lean on external sources to get the sufficient amount. About 10% of all diabetic patients have Type-1 diabetes. Patients having Type-1 diabetes have to take regular insulin injections throughout their lives to keep their blood sugar level in control.

Type-2 diabetes, as opposed to its Type-1counterpart, is more common. Almost 90% of all diabetic people have Type-2 diabetes, in which their bodies do not produce sufficient insulin to keep their sugar levels in control. While not dependent on injections for the rest of their lives, patients with Type-2 diabetes have to take medicines. A healthy and regulated diet is also compulsory in order to keep insulin levels high. Type-2 diabetes is highly common in overweight persons and people over 30 years of age. Improper diet and lack of exercise also causes of diabetes. In fact, a recent study revealed that a person may increment his or her chances of contracting diabetes by 22% by drinking a single can of soda every day.

Gestational Diabetes, as the name suggests, is found in pregnant women. Studies have revealed that women with a high amount of animal meat and fat in their diets have a higher risk of being diagnosed with gestational diabetes during pregnancy than women who eat vegetarian foods. Unrestrained Gestational Diabetes poses a considerable risk to both the mother and the child during pregnancy, with the possibility of complicating childbirth.

Diabetes may also lead to cardiac problems, issues with hearing, sight, gum diseases, infections, and erectile dysfunction. Once diagnosed, a patient of diabetes will be restrained throughout his life, as an uncontrolled blood sugar level in the body can eventually result in severe complications. However, one needs to remember that all three types of diabetes can be treated with proper medicines and diets. Precaution and restraint are the keys to combating diabetes, and complications can be avoided if one is simply vigilant.