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Ramadan In The Islamic Culture

Ramdan is a very important period for Muslims Who observes the period with worship, spiritual contemplation and daytime fasting. Ramdan is ninth month of Islamic calendar and Muslim people Faith fast and worships from dawn to the dusk each and every day. Ramdan is a holy month and marks the day as Koran was sent from heaven to earth via angel Gabreil to the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims abide by the stringent rules for completing the devotion to their faiths from dawn till sunset for the whole month. The fasting includes no drinking, eating, sexual contact and smoking during the sunlight. Muslim people must show their greater sympathy and understanding for the poor and needy. Fasting lays an important in achieving these goals by allowing greater concentration on generating sympathy for hungry people and cleansing the soul of overindulgence (Hackney Blackwell). All Muslims people who have reached to puberty and who are physically and mentally able to fasting are compel to fast during the month of Ramdan. Muslims celebrates the glory of god (Allah) during the month and thank god for disclosing Quran that they consider as a guide for humanity. Muslims emphasizes the important of fasting and its implication for spiritual growth and self purification. The Islamic practice is based on the sayings of Muhammad who recommends that Muslim people have a meal known as Sahur shortly before the dawn. After the sunset they should break the fast with another meal called as iftar. Muslims who belong to Sunni within the Islam performs special prayers in the mosque after evening prayers. Muslims consider reciting and prayer of Quran important during the last 10 days of Ramdan. In this period Muslims retreat to mosque to pray in quiet environment and draw closer to Allah according to Muhammad. The appearance of new moon signals the staring of Ramdan and end is signaled by sighting of new moon. A special night for Muslims to pray occurs on night when first revelation of Quran took place. The end of Ramdan marks with a festival known as Eid al-Fitr. The festival begins with sighting of new moon on first day of the Shawwal in the tenth month of Islamic calendar. Muslims participate in the communal prayers or an open space or in a mosque. The celebration of the festival has a significant social dimension. Relatives, neighbors and friends meet on streets and in mosque or visit to each other house, embracing each other and exchanging gifts.