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Medieval Cuisine

Medieval cuisine includes various things such as the food itself. It even encapsulates all the eating habits the community possess and the various ways in which food is cooked. The concept itself originated early in the fifth century and existed up till the 15th century gaining immense love and popularity all the way. During this time that the medieval cuisine gained popularity, everything in the food market changed. These were the changes that now in the 21st century act as the stepping stones to all European Cuisine.

Early Medieval Cuisine

The first time rice and other cereal was introduced in the Middle Ages was in the year 1536. The same year they were exposed to the use of potatoes, thus leaving them awestruck and with a lot to ponder over when it came to cooking. Amongst these were other cereals also introduced such as:

  1. Barley
  2. Oat
  3. Rye
  4. Wheat
  5. Bread
  6. Porridge
  7. Gruel
  8. Pasts
  9. Fava beans
  10. Vegetables

The above were supplements consumed by everyone until later that they were either replaced with more advanced counterparts. However, at the same time they were what lead to the more refined products of the 21st century.


Back in the day, if a household served meat, it meant a big deal. This is because meat was a novelty. It was not only for the more prestigious families, it was also immensely expensive. This is why it was only served to and eaten by the royal families. Later more refined forms of meat were introduced. It was no longer beef or chicken, the choice of pork, lamb and others were made available. These were further manufactured and developed. All the above mentioned meat produce required a greater deal of investment. Over the years then, fish became popular too.

The reason why food was such nobility, especially good food, back in the medieval times was because of the circumstances under which it was being produced. The transportation of food from one place to another was so gradual that it was immensely expensive and could not be bought by just anyone. You had to belong to a certain class in order to be able to afford it. This is why the concept of medieval cuisine was always associated with the royalty. The cuisine of the poor on the other hand was dominant of other things, specifically exotic spices. On the other hand the medieval cuisine was all about the use of wheat, cereals and the very expensive meat.

Refined Form Of Medieval Cuisine

Over the years the same cuisine gained refinement and developed furthermore. This was initially introduced as nobility in Europe but later standardized itself as a cuisine all over the world. The food was then the careful measure of both meat and the exotic spices. It included other variations such as:

  1. Verjuice,
  2. Wine and
  3. Vinegar in combination with
  4. Black pepper,
  5. Saffron and
  6. Ginger.

These dishes also included use of:

  1. Sugar
  2. Honey
  3. Almonds

This is how the cuisine gained immense popularity.